Nuclear Capability of India

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Nuclear Missiles of India
• Everybody across globe agree that new Delhi’s interest in nuclear capability is solely attached to
its peaceful beginning. Here energy demand is essential for survival and modernization.

• We wanted to produce inexpensive electricity. The initiative was the result of presence of great thorium reserves in our country.

• The energy demand was not fulfilled result to which BARC {Bhaba Atomic Research Centre, Trombay was opened up and he was the pioneer for this initiative. It was based on peace process and for military purposes.

• India’s defeat in 1962 in Indo-china war shook our head and proved our un-preparedness (though failure was hidden behind many political reasons which are also called as nehruvian mistake.

• In 1964 China tested a nuclear weapon soon India became conscious over its nuclear capabilities and policies. Then soon china launched a satellite into orbit which proved its capabilities to launch nuclear weapons at distant targets. This gave strong back to policies of India and we took it seriously and shown its capability to produce nuclear weapons.

• France was happy and send congratulatory message to India saying we were known to your capability. US was in anger and limit our capabilities. Now from here word NPT came (nuclear proliferation treaty} this was trick played by US which prohibits all those states to use nuclear power whose nuclear reactors are not full safe guards. Following this US stopped giving assistance to India .

• Apart from all this India continued its activities under nuclear ground but its was always carrying agenda to set peace but seeing so many threats from border countries India tested many nuclear missiles and devices. To stop our growth US pointed many ill sanctions on India.

• But ending three decade pause US India resumed nuclear trade again by providing assistance to India. Today India does have many nuclear weapons.
Name Type Range Status

      Agni-I      Short-range ballistic missile 700 km                  Operationally deployed.

      Agni-II     Medium-range ballistic missile 2,500 km          Operationally deployed.

      Agni-III   Intermediate-range ballistic missile 5,000 km     Operationally deployed.

     Prithvi-I   Short-range ballistic missile 150 km                   Operationally deployed.

Agni-IV   Intermediate-range ballistic missile 4,000 km     Successfully Tested.

Agni-V    Intercontinental ballistic missile > 5,500 km        Successfully Tested.

Agni-VI   Intercontinental ballistic missile 10,000 km         Under development.

• Surface ships : Surface warships such as the Shivalik class frigates may in future be equipped with the nuclear armed Dhanush ballistic missiles.

• Submarines: Navy is now equipped with Arhiant nuclear based missile.

Strategic bombing: The Jaguar ground-attack aircraft of the Indian Air Force are often believed to have a secondary nuclear-strike role.

Latest:
IN significant development ,India and the US sealed their first commercial nuclear power pact on 27 sep 2013. Deal was singed in b/w our PM and US president.

IN the joint statement the two sides announced that the nuclear power corporation of India ltd. (NPCIL) and US nuclear company westinghouse had concluded a preliminary contract to develop a nuclear power 
plant in gujarat .

Both sides reaffirmed their commitment to the full and timely implementation of India –US civil N-cooperation agreement.

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