Transition overview in Middle East

Democratic transition in middle east

Middle east peace process is going is going under most difficult phases as from last two years they had no official meeting efforts made are going waste. It seems deadlock situation occurred.

With transition of Arab and its uprisings the emerging political order in the Middle East is marked by individual countries. Domestically the new actors are coming into role play.

The western powers should make new policies to counterpart the uprisings and respond these power shifts and new players because of vast energy resources. The whole agenda roams around oil which
forms the backbone of western countries as they are heavy industrialized countries.  

The oil influence the western countries towards eastern region of which it lies in its paramount importance for superpowers like France, Britain, USA and Soviet Union.

Before discovery of oil the region lies in the religious conflicts and wars over resources and lands.

How west influenced:
To maintain superiority, control and influence over the region the west placed corrupted leaders into powerful positions and ouster who were not favourable to them.  They call the US influenced as a major root cause of Middle East for its current problems.

General points:
Before 2011 , the middle east was often referred as institutional wasteland. There was no political space for millions of Arab who were seeking to emerge from decades of political and economic failures.
A large group of Arabs wanted to transform there societies.

Problems are/were like:
Civil war in Libya : The Libyan Civil War, also referred to as the Libyan Revolution was a 2011 armed conflict in the North African country of Libya, fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government. The war was preceded by protests in Benghazi beginning on Tuesday, 15 February 2011, which led to clashes with security forces that fired on the crowd .
Egypt revolution: The Egyptian Revolution of 2011 took place following a popular uprising that began on 25 January 2011. It was a diverse movement of demonstrations, marches, plaza occupations, riots, non-violent civil resistance, acts of civil disobedience and labour strikes. Millions of protesters from a variety of socio-economic and religious backgrounds demanded the overthrow of the regime of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. There were also important Islamic, liberal, anti-capitalist, nationalist, and feminist currents of the revolution. Violent clashes between security forces and protesters resulted in at least 846 people killed and 6,000 injured. After this morsi was selected as Egypt president but again protests get started in Egypt and Morsi was thrown out of its office. Morsi was put under house arrest and several Muslim Brotherhood leaders were arrested. The announcement was followed by demonstrations and clashes between supporters and opponents of the move throughout Egypt.

Tunisian revolution: The Tunisian Revolution was an intensive campaign of civil resistance, including a series of street demonstrations taking place in Tunisia. The events began on 18 December 2010 and led to the ousting of long time President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011 eventually, leading to a thorough democratization of the country and to free and democratic elections which saw the victory of a coalition of the Islamist Ennahda Movement with the centre-left Congress for the Republic and the left-leaning Ettakatol as junior partners.

Civil war in Syria: Syria is going under phase of civil war as declared by red cross society. So many causalities and hazards took places in protest of bhassar al Assad (Baath party) whose family is ruling since 1971. Demand is resignation of Assad regime. Because of these wars millions of refugees have flown to other parts of neighbouring countries. People were imprisoned and treated very badly. Now it has grown to such level that Syrian government has started using chemical weapons against protesters.

Conflict b/w Israel and Palestine: It begins in the early 20th borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem etc.. Israel was never ready to divide its city of Jerusalem which has its own importance for largest religions like Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Recently peace talks get resumed b/w Israel and Palestine here US secretary Jhon Kerry played key role after release of more than 200 hundred prisoners of Palestine by Israel.


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