How to solve classification questions in verbal reasoning?

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Analogy and Classification Questions for SSB

Classification means to assort the items of a given group on the basis of certain common quality they possess and then spot the stranger or the odd one out. The question will consist of four or five terms, out of which one will be different from the rest. You are expected to find the common characteristics of the 4 terms and find the one which does not have this characteristics or not belong to them.

Classification Questions Can be following types:
                                                                                                               i.      Letter Classification
                                                                                                             ii.      Number Classification
                                                                                                            iii.      Word/Item Classification

i.              Letter Classification        
                Letter Classification can be based on any of the following
·         Vowel and Consonant Relationship
Example:     1. a) A            b) Q       c) U        d) E
                Ans: b) Q
                Here A, U, E are Vowels and Q is a Consonant.
                       2. a) I              b) R        c) Z         d) B
                Ans: a) I
                Here R, Z, B are consonants and I is a Vowel.
·         Repetition and Skipping pattern Relationship
Example:     1.  a) EFG      b) IKL     c) QRS   d) MNO
                Ans: b) IKL
                Here All the groups a), c), and d) consist three consecutive letters while b) does not have this characteristics.
                       2.   a) RTV     b) MOQ                       c) UWY     d) LNO
                Ans: d) LNO
·         Relationship based on Position of Letters
Example:  a) Z    b) T        c) H        d) Q
                Ans: d) Q
                Here all other letters occupy even numbered positions in the English Alphabet.

  
PRACTISE EXAMPLES

1. (a) IQ                (b) AE       (c) EI           (d) AI
2. (a) BCD            (b) NPR     (c) KLM     (d) RQP
3. (a) BDI              (b) HKA    (c) PQS      (d) XYU
4. (a) DJFB           (b) IOKG   (c) OUQM  (d) RXTO     
5. (a) SUWY         (b) MOQS (c) CEGI     (d) HJMO
6. (a) PIGS            (b) OUST   (c) XLPA    (d) TEPJ
7. (a) NPM            (b) IJL        (c) QSZ       (d) BHK
8. (a) JMPS            (b) PRTU  (c) BFJM     (d) DEFG
9. (a) VRT             (b) RMP     (c) YUW     (d) FBD              
10. (a) PUT           (b) END      (c) OWL     (d) ARM

ANSWERS
1. a         2. b         3. c         4. d         5. b         6. b         7. b         8. c         9. b         10. a      

ii.             Number Classification
In this type, a group of numbers will be given. In this group all the numbers except one share a common characteristics.
Example:             (a) 5       (b) 17    (c) 21     (d) 19
                                Ans: (c)
                                Here 5, 17, 19 are Prime numbers while 21 is not a prime.
PRACTICE QUESTIONS
1. (a) 21                (b) 49    (c) 56     (d) 36
2. (a) 24                (b) 81    (c) 27     (d) 99
3. (a) 246              (b) 356  (c) 527   (d) 639
4. (a) 25                (b) 441(c) 121  (d) 368    
5. (a) 4836           (b) 6927 (c) 2936   (d) 5814
6. (a) 7                  (b) 9       (c) 18     (d) 6
7. (a) 49                (b) 37    (c) 45     (d) 65
8. (a) 161              (b) 171  (c) 191   (d) 151
9. (a) 82                (b) 84    (c) 98     (d) 101
10. (a) 15              (b) 2520 (c) 368   (d) 440


ANSWERS
1. d         2. b         3. b         4. d         5. c         6.a          7.a          8.a          9.d          10.c

III.           Word Classification
                Here a group of words will be given ( Objects, Names etc.) in which all except one will have some common characteristics. The one which does not have the common characteristics is the odd one.
                Example:             (a) Swallow         (b) Taste              (c) Lick  (d) Chew
                                Ans: (b) Taste . All except Taste are way of eating.

PRACTICE QUESTIONS
1. (a) White        (b) Violet                  (c) Red                  (d) Blue
2. (a) Asia            (b) North America   (c) Europe             (d) South Africa
3. (a) SBI              (b) IDBI                 (c) HSBC              (d) ISRO
4. (a) M.K.Gandhi (b) Bagath Singh     (c) Subash C Bose (d) V.V.Giri
5. (a) Cricket       (b) Caroms               (c) Golf                  (d) Polo
6. (a) Ear              (b) Nose                  (c) Toe                  (d) Eye
7. (a) India           (b) USA                   (c) Canada             (d) Kuwait
8. (a) Yard            (b) Furlong              (c) Acre                 (d) Mile
9. (a) Homicide  (b) Suicide                  (c) Abduction         (d) Infanticide 
10. (a) Chennai  (b) Dispur                   (c) Gangtok            (d) Kohima

ANSWERS
1. a         2. d         3. d         4. d         5. b         6. c         7. d         8. c         9. c         10. a

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